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北京市朝阳区高三年级第二学期质量检测一 英语 2023.3 (考试时间90分钟满分100分) 本试卷共10页。考生务必在答题卡指定区域作答，在试卷上作答无效。 第一部分知识运用（共两节，30分） 第一节（共10小题；每小题1.5分，共15分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I grasped a sandwich as I tried to finish my work during lunch.My company,like many companies.had 1 costs by not replacing people as they left.The survivors had to take up the work. For me and my co-workers,this meant no lunch hour.I wanted to quit,but given the economy,it was hard to find another job.I felt 2.Then a conversation with a six-year-old girl changed my 3. The young girl was standing in line with her mom at the supermarket. “Good day at school?”Iasked A nod. “What's your favorite subject?” “Lunch.” I smiled.That had been my 4 too.At lunch,I could talk with my friends,draw pictures or play games.There were no adults to tell me what to do.The time was mine. But what happened to lunch time now? I knew I was entitled to a lunch break at work.So I decided to 5 it.Our office was located in the downtown and I set out to 6 the area.A few blocks away was an art museum with free admission.At the end of another street.I was surprised to discover some horses eating grass in a field. At the beginning of my tours during lunch,I received some 7 stares from my co-workers,but I chose to ignore them.In fact,I watched in amazement that some of them started to 8 their work The setting is X.the enterprise which considers more than 100 ideas each year,in areas ranging from clean energy to artificial intelligence.Although only a tiny percentage become "projects"with far-reaching creativity,these projects exist,ultimately,to change the world,like Waymo,the biggest self-driving-car company.In the past 60 years.something strange has happened.As the academic study of creativity has thrived(蓬勃发展)，the label innovation may have covered every tiny change of a soda can or a toothpaste flavor,but the rate of productivity growth has been mostly declining since the 1970s.John Femald,an economist,points out that the notable exception to the post-1970 decline in productivity occurred when businesses throughout the economy finally figured out the breakthrough technology-information technology.John Femald says."It's possible that productivity took off.because we picked all the low-hanging fruit from the IT wave."Actually,the world economy continues to harvest the benefits of IT.But where will the next technology shock come from? Breakthrough technology results from two distinct activities-invention and innovation. Invention is typically the work of scientists and researchers in labs,while innovation is an invention put to commercial use.Seldom do the two activities occur successfully under the same roof.They tend to thrive in opposite conditions；while competition and consumer choice encourage innovation, invention has historically progressed in labs that are protected from the pressure to generate profit. Allowing well-funded and diverse teams to try to solve big problems is what gave us the computer and the Intemet.Today.we fail to give attention to planting the seeds of this kind of ambitious research,while complaining about the harvest."Companies are really good at combining existing breakthroughs in ways that consumers like.But the breakthroughs come from patient and curious scientists,not the rush to market,"says Jon Gertner,the author of The Idea Factory. "Technology is a tall tree."John Femald said."But planting the seeds of invention and harvesting the fruit of innovation are entirely distinct skills,often mastered by different organizations and separated by many years."As for me,both of them are essential for technology. although they are relatively independent.I don't think X is a planter or a harvester,actually.It is like building taller ladders.Nobody knows for sure what,if anything.the employees at such enterprises are going to find up on those ladders.But they're reaching.At least someone is. 31.What is the main purpose of the first two paragraphs?